Topic 3

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2. DEVELOPMENT OF THE LINGUISTIC SKILLS: ORAL EXPRESSION AND COMPREHENSION, WRITTEN EXPRESSION AND COMPREHENSION

Article 4.4 of the CEFRL mentions that to carry out communicative tasks, users have to engage in communicative language activities and operate communication strategies. 
The use of communication strategies can be seen as the application of the metacognitive principles: Pre-planning, execution, monitoring, and repair action to the different kinds of communicative activity: Reception, interaction, production and mediation.
According to section 4.5. Of the CEFRL, communicative language processes imply that to act as a speaker, writer, listener or reader, the learner must be able to carry out a sequence of skilled actions.
o To speak, must be able to plan and organize a message (cognitive skills), formulate a linguistic utterance (linguistic skills), articulate the utterance (phonetic skills).
o To write, the learner must be able to organize a message (cognitive and linguistic skills), and hand-write or type the text (manual skills).
o To listen, the learner must be able to perceive the utterance (auditory phonetic skills), identify the linguistic message (linguistic skills), understand the message (semantic skills), and interpret the message (cognitive skills).
o To read, the reader must be able to perceive the written text (visual skills), recognize the script (orthographic skills), identify the message (linguistic skills), understand the message (semantic skills) and interpret the message (cognitive skills).
The observable stages of these processes are well understood. The following analysis is intended only to identify some parts of the process relevant to the development of language proficiency.

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