Types of discourse
Direct: They reproduce the exact words of the characters.
Indirect: They reproduce the words of the characters that introducing a''say''and deferred.
Value: The narrator gives his opinion about an event or a character.
Description: The narrator explains how something or someone giving details.
Reference: The narrator recounts the facts objectively.
Poetic language is embellished with expressive resources.
Universal: It consists of generalizing and drawing conclusions from a single event.
Summary: The story time is much shorter than the speech.
Scene: Time of speech equal to the time of history.
Ellipsis: Lack of information (does not tell us anything).
Pause: a description of something.
Golden mean: <<Dorada medianía>>. Exalts mediocrity, understood as simply and naturally.
Beatus ille: <<Feliz aquel>>: Commends the country life, away from the urban environment.
Carpe diem: <<Goza the día>>. Encourages youth to take due to the rapid passing of time.
Contemptus mundi: <<Desprecio of mundo>>. Despise the world and life, which only cause pain.
Tempus fugit irreparabile: <<The time passes irremediablemente>>. It evokes the transience of human life.
Homo viator: <<The man is viajero>>. Consider the existence as a road trip or pilgrimage.
Locus amoenus: <<Place ameno>>. Green meadows, trees, crystal fountains, flowers, birds ...
Memento mori: <<Recuerda that you are morir>>. Warns that death will come.
Quotidie morimur: <<The equals death todos>>. The death makes us equal: everyone arrives and does not respect hierarchy.
Ubi sunt?: <<Where are they?>>. Question by characters from the past glory are gone.
Item 14: The Renaissance lyric
Renaissance cultural movement emerged in Italy in the fourteenth century, promotes a shift in the conception of man, which becomes the center of the world. The basis of the transformation is Humanism: an assessment of education, recovery of the classics, optimistic vision of the world, exaltation of nature and pleasure.
Topics: nature, love, mythology, friendship and praise courtier.
Topics: Carpe diem, beatus ille, donna angelicata, Golden mean, locus amoenus.
Item 15: The Renaissance narrative
Themes: The same item 14.
Topics: Same as item 14.
Item 16: The Baroque poetry and prose
Topics: love, nature and mythology with disappointment and sense of crisis.
Topics: T empus irreparabile fugit, ubi sunt, quotidie morimur, Golden mean, beatus ille, carpe diem, homo viator, memento mori.
Item 17: Renaissance and Baroque Theater
Themes and topics of Renaissance theater: the same item 14.
Themes and topics of Baroque theater: The same item 16.
Parallelism: Two periods have the same syntactic structure.
Políptoton: Using the same word differently inflected.
Anaphora and epiphora: Repetition of one or more words at the beginning (anaphora) or end (epiphora) in successive periods.
Polysyndeton: Repetition of conjunctions to emphasize the expression.
Enumeration: A series of words or constructions in the same category or type.
Asyndeton: conjunctions are deleted to provide more agility.
Allusion: Reference to a person or thing without naming it directly.
Dilogía: Using the same word with two different meanings.
Antithesis: opposition between two words or sentences with opposite meanings.
Simile: explicit comparison of one thing with another (as).
Metaphor: Identity between two realities, the real term (A) and the term evoked (B).
Exclamation: Expression excalamtiva mood or thoughts.
Rhetorical question: Question that is not intended to express doubt or request response.
Hyperbole: Exaggeration, is increased or decreased over that of which we speak.
Interrelated: a syntactic unit that does not end at the end of a line, but was completed in the next.
Hyperbaton: Inversion of regular word order of a sentence.
Corrales comedy, drama and mystery plays courtier
Corrales comedy: Initially, courtyards, side buildings: windows with bars, apartments, lofts, before the stage of entrance and Alojera, pot, balcony, rooms, talk shows, stage and costumes.
Representation: Loa and tone; first act farce, second act, dance or Jácara; third act, masquerade.
Theater courtier: They do espectacuralidad court festivals with staging by Italian set designers and representation takes place in buildings and outdoors.
Morality plays: they present a measure of religious teaching and to link the Corpus and the Eucharistic theme through allegory and scenic splendor. It is represented in the street on mobile platforms and with music that is most important.
The domestic comedy was created by Lope de Vega and developed until exhausted by other playwrights, among which Calderon de la Barca.
Features: Blend of the tragic and the comic, no respect for units of time and place, but by the action, three days; decorum and verisimilitude; appropriate language; Polarimetry; thematic variety.
Authors playwrights and works
Lope de Vega (1562-1635):
Fuente Ovejuna: A man brutally abused his power and the village of Fuente Ovejuna do nothing, until Laurencia induces them to act. The villagers are forgiven for having killed the master.
El caballero de Olmedo: Alonso, hire a go-between to get the love of Agnes and her boyfriend to avoid Rodrigo. Alonso has just killed by a shot by Rodrigo computer.
Peribáñez and the Commander of Ocana: The commander falls in love with Casilda, the wife of Peribáñez, and it is sent to war, but suspicion and time again and kill the commander.
La dama boba: Nise Sisters and Fine, the first and second smart silly. Laurencio Finea favors, and Lise elected Finea Nise loves. Love makes the dumb lady will become intelligent and pretending to be stupid. Lise is accepted by Nise and marries Laurencio Ginea.
Tirso de Molina (1583-1648):
The Trickster of Seville: It is the first appearance of Don Juan, which generates a very long descent in the Spanish literature and universal
Calderon de la Barca (1600-1681):
Life is a Dream: Prince Sigismund imprisoned in a tower as a child by his father, more is taken to see how it behaves, but does so with violence and is returned to the tower. It is later released by a popular rebellion and forgives his father Sigismund and is willing to be a righteous king.
The Mayor of Zalamea: A company of soldiers was quartered in the town of Zalamea. the captain is staying in the house of Pedro Crespo, Captain kidnaps the daughter of the host and rapes and abandons her in the woods, Crespo forced to apprehend the captain and forced him to marry his daughter but refusing orders to kill him .
The physician of his honor: The Prince Henry is shocked when he fell from his horse and is assisted by a fifth station, which recognizes Mencia who had been in love and is now married with parental pressures Gutierre gift. This suspicion of the fidelity of his wife and forces the surgeon who bled to death, King knows that the murdered was innocent Gutierre forces to marry Leonor, who had been abandoned by Gutierrez on suspicion of infidelity.
La dama duende: Manuel receives gifts from a lady elf, is a beautiful and intelligent widow who enters his room by a door concealed in a cupboard. One night the lover follows the fairy lady till her apartment and finds Don Luis who challenges his friend to save the family honor. The wedding of the young remedy the situation.
Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616):
Don Quixote de la Mancha (1605/1615): Don Quixote is a gentleman, cultured, lonely, brave and impulsive, who pretends to be crazy. He is accompanied by Sancho Panza, a squire poor and uneducated. He feels a great friendship and admiration and loyalty to Don Quixote. Dulcinea is a figment of Don Quixote, created from the ugly Aldona village Lorenzo.
It is structured in three starts: in the first two listed La Mancha, Sierra Morena, Aragon and Catalonia and in the three spaces fictitious.
Lazarillo de Tormes (1554)
Author anonymous. Pseudobiográfico story in which the origins have miserable and mischievous character of the protagonist. Explain 3 parts: childhood, adolescence and youth. In children, go hungry with the blind, as with the clergy or the squire, in adolescence include deception and falsehood of him and his masters, and in his youth he married and settled but deceives his wife and consents .
Types of baroque poetry
Amorosa: Retrieves the Petrarchan model (description of women, frustrated love, mythology).
Philosophical and moral: Its themes are disappointment, the brevity and transience of life, awareness of death ...
Religion: Spiritual reflection, repentance.
Burlesque: abound parody and humor, even ridicule and personal attack.