past simple or present perfect tense
start: started changed: have changed not have: didn´t have be: were or was become: have become
direct speech reported speech
dr lopez: that's right: dr lopez said that was right
he asked, “are you busy tonight?”: he asked me if i was busy that night
he said i'm making dinner: he told me that he was making dinner
I'll see you later: She said that she would see me later.
I had taken English lessons before: She said that she had taken English lessons before.
I haven't seen Julie: She said that she hadn't seen Julie.
I was walking along the street: She said that she had been walking along the street.
she doesn’t speak english, so she doesn’t understand you: if she didn't speak english, she would understand you.
he can’t drive, so he won’t buy a car: if he couldn’t drive, he would buy a car
he isn’t rich, so he won't buy a beach house: if he wasn’t rich, he wouldn’t buy a beach.