LITERARY AVANT-GARDE MOVEMENTS IN EUROPE general trait is a willingness to experiment, develop a new art, hostility to tradition. They displayed a unsentimental. The canguardias are made available through manifest in literary magazines in which they consider the official art and claim their new aesthetic. Vanguardiastas movements most relevant are:
Expressionism: 1910-1925. GERMANY, NORTHERN, develops more vigorously. No radically negates the artistic tradition but that he also accentuates features already present in the Naturalism and Impressionism. Deformation are highlighted to those aspects that express physical or psychological characteristics of what is described. There are many strange characters, cartoons, bizarre reason, Distortion and the liberal use of language. In this atmosphere must be the work of Kafka.
Futurism: 1909. ITALY, after publication of the manifesto of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. It rejects sentimentality and embrace technological advances, the warmongering, dynamism and sport. The following year, Marinetti writes the Technical Manifesto of Futurist literature, which proposes the infinitive as a verbal one, destruction of syntax, adjectives, adverbs and punctuation. Nietche reveals the influence of the exaltation of action and violence. Futurism gives beauty for new motifs drawn from modern life: machinery, automotive ...
Cubism: 1913. FRANCE. Drift of painting by Pablo Picasso and Juan Gris, and the assessment cnsiste three-dimensional space and the geometric decomposition of objects to be reconstriudos by the recipient. Apollinaire published The Cubist painters and kicks off this movement. The extreme case of overlap between painting and literature of what are the Apollinari calligrams in which the letters of the text form an allusive drawing the contents.
Dada: MOV. FRENCH. ZURICH. 1916. A group of refugee immigrants in Switzerland organized by Cabaret Voltaire, a few evenings aesthetic annihilation, where compose poems with words chosen at random. The principal is Tristan Tzara. Features: Propensity absurd, illogical exaltation, return childlike purity, search primitivimso ... They attack the principles of reason, denies everything, reclaimed spontaneity, surprise, incoherent speech ...
Surrealism: FRANCE. DADA COMES. 1920. Main driver = André Breton, Surrealism is the genesis to abandon everything and Surrealist Manifesto. libreación proclaims the man and his business through the exploration of dreams and the unknown world. is related to the knowledge of the theories of Freud and the doctrine of psychoanalysis. Breton proposes automatic writing, where the writers will try to transcribe the flow of consciousness. The automatic expressive results in the entry to unusual word associations.
Vanguards IN SPAIN: The new concerns come vanugardistas Ramon Gomez de la Serna, which introduces the futursmo and Jose Ortega y Gasset, tries to make way for young people with the Western Reist. Until the end of the First GM does not arise in Spain a mov. organized vanguard. Then passing through Madrid Vicente Huidobro, one of the initiators of Creationism.
Ultraism: Mov. Spanish vanguard created by Guillermo de Torre in 1919, a mix of futurism, cubism and creationism. Advocates for the machinery, the lack of signs, the absence of rhyme, and so on. The venue was the Café Pombo, and magazines of this new aesthetic was Cervantes, Ultra, Horizon, etc..
Ramon Gomez de la Serna: His extensive literary output includes novels, essays, biographies, drama, but the highlight is the introduction of the European avant-garde in Spain and the invention of greguerias.
Greguerías: A witty and brief sencencia arising from a collision between thought and reality. The author himself defined them as a metaphor + humor, but the procedures are varied, false etymologies, cartoons, phrases, clubs ... Brevity, wit, humor and surprise are the basic features. Fuern numerous books devoted to this genre: Greguerías, greguerias Flower ... As a playwright, he tried to participate in the renovation of stale Spanish theater. He also wrote biographies, memoirs, essays ... and novels, eroticism is the most insistent and obsessive.