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Classified in Geography

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THE INDICATORS OF INEQUALITY: socio-economic inequalities. HDI (human development index), United Nations: the GPD per habitant, life expectancy, literacy rate and attendance in Primary, secondary and further education. Expressed 0 and 1 which defines level Of development. GPD (gross domestic Product) measured the total production and is used by the World Bank. UNICEF uses consumption of calories.

CAUSES OF INEQUALITY: Internal Factor include the natural conditions of the country, the availability of The resources and the relationship between those resources and the population. External factors explain inequalities Caused by relationships between countries that favour one country over others.

THE INFLUENCE OF GLOBALISATION: Globalisation means that Production, consumption and exchange of goods are organised on a worldwide Scale, which has been made possible by advances in telecommunications and Transports.

CENTRAL ANS PERIPHERAL AREAS: Central areas are developed countries dominant at word level. Composed Of the World Triad (United States, European Union and Japan). These are joined by emerging countries (China, India and Brazil) and regional powers (Russia, Australia and South Africa) Peripheral areas: are Underdeveloped countries dependent on the dominant areas. They are developing Countries of Sub-Saharan African and numerous Asian and Latin American Countries.

RELATIONS BETWEEN THE CENTRE AND THE PERIPHERY: Central areas: export high-value Products and technology. Peripheral Areas: export raw materials and cheap manufactured goods, and provide cheap Labour.

DEVELOPED COUNTRIES: northern countries. Economic wealth, high GDP per inhabitant and the high standard of living, the population its basic needs covered, high levels of consumption and State provides social services. Population has stable growth, is ageing and is concentrated in well-equipped cities. Political systems are stable and based on democratic traditions.


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