Words goj

Classified in English

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Australian English is non-rhotic; the r sound does not appear at the end of a syllable or immediately before a consonant. Use of /t/ glottalisation.


Speakers add the “I” sound to sound more like the i in "oil." Instead of the I sound in "like," "might" or "try," you want something more like an "oi". "wr-oite",  "l-oi-ke."

The hard A in "way" or "mate" almost sounds like an "eye" sound.

 Soften a soft A into an "eh" sound: Hat → H-eht.  That → Th-eht.

They Curb the T from the end of words.

Speakers cut off the G from any "-ing" ending word.



• A striking feature is to attribute gender with animate and inanimate nouns. For example, ‘she’ can refer to a car or boat. ‘er (her) can refer to a leg of lamb.

• The use of whom is almost non-existent.

Verbs and Verb Phrases

• The replacement of HAVE with OF after a modal verb.  

• The replacement of SHALL with modal WILL in particular in a first person interrogative ‘Will I call a taxi?’ ‘

• Omission of auxiliary HAVE. For example: ‘I gotta go’ (I have got to go).

• Increased use of GOTTEN in intransitive constructions


• The use of DON’T instead of DOESN’T.  

• Double Negation in vernacular speech


billabong (a waterhole), jumbuck (a sheep), corroboree (an assembly), boomerang (a curved throwing stick)

amber (beer), barrack (cheer), bloke (man), chook (chicken), clobber (clothes), crook (ill), daks (trousers), oil (information), sheila (woman).

Diminutives and abbreviations

abo (aborigine - now considered very offensive), aggro (aggressive), ambo (ambulance office), arvo (afternoon), doco (documentary), evo (evening), journo (journalist), milko (milkman), reffo (refugee).

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