DIFFERENCE OF THE THREE:
DISTRICT COURT:spread throught the country and serve as trial courts of the federal system/ they have original jurisdiction over nearly all criminal/civil cases. COURT OF APPEAL:hear appeals from district courts and also from those federal agencies that have rule making/enforcement of power. SUPREME COURT:ultimate apellate court, it works with cases related to cases affecting embassadors/consuls/ministers and cases that usually involve major questions about the meaning of the constitution or federal law.
PURPOSE OF COURT OF APPEALS:its main function is to hear appeals from high court and circuit court, because the court of appeal posses only appellate jurisdiction hold trials and thus determine punishment( in criminal cases) and remedies (civil cases),they review decisions of trial courts for errors of law.
BILL OF RIGHTS: 1.Freedom of religion,speech and press / 2.The right to bear arms. / 3. The haising of soldiers/ 4. Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures. / 5.Protection of rights to life,liberty and property/ 6.Right of accused persons in criminal cases./ 7.Rights in civil cases/ 8.Excessive bail,fine and punishment forbidden./ 9.Other irhgts kept by the people. /10. Undelegated powers kept by the states/people.
CIVIL LAWSUITS FOLLOW A PROCEDURE: civil lawsuits that are not settled go to tial (- the plaintiff hires a lawyer and files a complaint with the court, - two side can seek to settle the dispute before trial, - if trial goes forward the two side exchange info about evidence and witnesses in a discovery, -trial may be heard by jury/judge, -jury/judge issues a ruling, -decisions may be appealed)
HOW DID WOMEN FIGHT FOR RIGHTS; when the 1st amendment gave the african american the right to vote but not women. Later women formed several organizations to lobby for womens suffrage/ in the early 1900s a renewed effort was made, starting with marches,picketing etc in the 1920s they ratified the 19th amendment.
TWO DIFFERENT WAYS PLAINTIFF/DEFFENDANT CAN SETTLE LAWSUIT: the plaintiff brings the suit against a defendant, often seeking damage/financial compensation from the defendant to correct the allged wrong/ the defendant may be found guilty based on a preponderance majority evidence.
BAIL SET UP AFTER SENTENCE: when the court case is voer, the bail money is paid back even if the accused is found guilty.
THE RESULT OF CIVIL RIGHT MOVEMENT: this banned discrimination, ended the unequal application of vote and prohibited the racial segregation in schools/work,etc.
CASES VIEW IN SUPREME COURT; four of the nine justices must vote to accept a case.